The S&P 500 experienced a decline of 0.3% on Thursday, January 4, 2024, marking its third consecutive day of losses as U.S. equities struggled to find stability at the start of the year. However, amidst this overall decline, travel stocks emerged as bright spots, benefiting from receding oil prices. In this article, we will delve into the details of the market’s performance, the factors driving the gains and losses, and the implications for various industries and companies.

Market Performance

The lackluster performance of U.S. equities in the first three trading days of 2024 marked a turnaround from the Santa Claus rally and the optimism that prevailed at the end of 2023. The S&P 500 fell by 0.3%, extending its streak of losses, while the Nasdaq dropped by 0.6%. The Dow managed to eke out a gain of less than 0.1%. These mixed results reflected the uncertainties and doubts raised by the release of minutes from December’s Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting, which questioned the potential timing and extent of future interest rate cuts.

Travel Stocks Benefit from Declining Oil Prices

One of the driving forces behind the gains in travel stocks was the decline in oil prices. Lower fuel costs provided a tailwind for companies in the travel industry, particularly cruise operators and airlines. After posting losses in the first two trading days of the year, cruise stocks rebounded on January 4. Carnival Corp. (CCL) witnessed a 3.1% increase in its share price, making it the top performer on the S&P 500 for the day. Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings (NCLH) also saw a gain of 1.9%. United Airlines (UAL) experienced a rise of 2.3% in its share price.

Walgreens Boots Alliance Slashes Dividend

While Walgreens Boots Alliance (WBA) posted better-than-expected quarterly results, its shares tumbled by 5.1% after the company announced a significant dividend cut of 48%. This move was aimed at bolstering its cash position and balance sheet. Walgreens Boots Alliance, the largest U.S. pharmacy chain, made this announcement along with its financial results for the fiscal first quarter of 2024, which exceeded forecasts.

APA Corp. Acquires Callon Petroleum

APA Corp. (APA), a U.S. oil producer, made headlines by announcing its acquisition of competitor Callon Petroleum (CPE) for $4.5 billion in an all-stock transaction. This deal will expand APA’s Permian Basin footprint significantly. However, despite the potential benefits of the acquisition, APA’s shares experienced the largest losses on the S&P 500 for the day, dropping by 7.3%. On the other hand, Callon Petroleum’s shares climbed by 2.9% following the news.

E-commerce Discounts Impact Etsy and Amazon

Etsy (ETSY), a popular online marketplace, witnessed a 3.6% decline in its share price after a report revealed increased discounts across various e-commerce categories in 2023. This performance was mirrored by Amazon (AMZN), the e-commerce giant, which saw a 2.6% decrease in its share price. The report shed light on the challenges faced by these companies amidst heightened competition and the need to maintain profitability while offering attractive discounts to consumers.

Epam Systems and the Integration of AI, VR, and Robotics

Epam Systems (EPAM), an IT software firm, experienced a 2.7% increase in its share price following a favorable upgrade by analysts at Wolfe Research. The company’s focus on integrating artificial intelligence (AI), virtual reality (VR), and robotics into its products positions it well to capitalize on opportunities in the competitive business software market. This strategic move could provide Epam Systems with a distinct advantage in meeting the evolving needs of its clients.

Dollar General’s Positive Outlook

Dollar General (DG), a well-known discount retailer, witnessed a 2.7% increase in its share price after Barclays increased its price target and upgraded the stock to overweight. Barclays expects Dollar General to boost sales and improve margins through store-level investments, along with enhancements in its inventory management, labor allocation, and supply chain optimization. These efforts are anticipated to drive growth and profitability for the company.

Allstate Upgraded by Morgan Stanley

Allstate (ALL), an insurance giant, experienced a 2.4% jump in its share price after analysts at Morgan Stanley upgraded the stock to outperform and raised their price target. The investment bank cited a favorable overall environment for the company, with earnings growth driven by gains in the personal auto market and lower underwriting losses. This positive outlook indicates a potentially bright future for Allstate in the insurance industry.


In summary, the S&P 500 faced a third straight day of declines to start the year, but travel stocks managed to buck the trend due to declining oil prices. The market’s performance was influenced by various factors, including the release of FOMC meeting minutes, significant corporate announcements, and analyst upgrades. As the year unfolds, it will be interesting to see how these developments shape the trajectory of the market and the fortunes of the companies involved.