When it comes to Christian studies, there are various terms that can sometimes be confusing. Two terms that are often used interchangeably are “biblical studies” and “theology.” While they may seem similar, there are distinct differences between the two. In this article, we will explore the disparities and similarities between biblical studies and theology, and how they are approached at Grace.

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Theology: The Study of God

Theology is the study of God and His nature. It seeks to understand and interpret the beliefs and doctrines of Christianity. Theologians delve into questions about the existence of God, the Trinity, the nature of Christ, salvation, and more. The study of theology involves examining the teachings of the Bible and the traditions and writings of the Church. It often takes a topical approach, exploring common themes and categories to gain a deeper understanding of the overall message of Scripture.

Biblical Studies: The Study of the Bible

On the other hand, biblical studies primarily focus on the study of the Bible itself. This discipline involves a detailed examination of the individual books of the Bible, analyzing their historical context, authorship, literary style, and theological themes. Biblical scholars strive to understand the original meaning and intent of the biblical texts, using critical methods to interpret and analyze the scriptures. The goal is to gain insight into the historical and cultural context in which the texts were written, allowing for a more accurate understanding of their message.

While theology and biblical studies have distinct approaches, there is often an overlap between the two. As Dr. Tiberius Rata, Associate Dean of the School of Ministry Studies at Grace, points out, studying any book of the Bible involves both biblical and theological aspects. It is through this study that we gain knowledge about God, humanity, and His creation and rule.

Grace’s Approach: Embracing Both Perspectives

At Grace, the importance of studying Scripture through both biblical studies and theology is recognized. Instead of pitting the two against each other, the question becomes how to effectively examine and integrate both disciplines. This approach is evident in Grace’s core curriculum, where both biblical studies and theological studies are emphasized.

The course “Exploring the Bible” falls under the umbrella of biblical studies. This class focuses on teaching the fundamental lessons and stories of the Bible, providing students with a comprehensive understanding of the biblical narrative. The emphasis is on studying the Bible book by book, exploring its various genres and themes.

On the other hand, the course “Essential Doctrinal Themes” falls under the realm of theological studies. This class delves into the examination of Christian doctrines, such as the Trinity, salvation, and the nature of God. It aims to provide students with a deeper understanding of the theological foundations of the Christian faith.

The End Goal: Studying God’s Word

Whether one chooses to pursue biblical studies or theology, the ultimate goal remains the same: to develop a deeper relationship with God through the study of His Word. As long as one approaches the Bible with the belief that it is the inspired and revealed Word of God, both biblical and theological studies can be valuable tools for spiritual growth.

Dr. Rata reminds us that the key is to read the Bible with the purpose of falling deeper in love with God. Whether one focuses on biblical studies or theology, both disciplines serve as means to an end – gaining a greater understanding of God’s character, His plan for humanity, and His love for His creation.

Pursuing a BA in Biblical Studies

If you have a passion for ministry and a desire to dive deeper into the study of God’s Word, pursuing a Bachelor of Arts in Biblical Studies at Grace University can be a transformative experience. This program allows you to explore the ins and outs of the Bible, equipping you with the knowledge and skills to engage in thoughtful discussions and share the teachings of the Bible with others.

Through the BA in Biblical Studies program, you will have the opportunity to delve into the historical, cultural, and literary aspects of the Bible. You will learn how to interpret and apply biblical concepts to real-life situations, enabling you to serve God and others effectively in ministry contexts. The program is designed to nurture your passion for ministry and provide you with a solid foundation for further theological studies or vocational ministry.


In summary, while there are similarities between biblical studies and theology, they have distinct focuses. Theology explores the nature of God and Christian doctrines, while biblical studies centers around the study of the Bible itself. At Grace, both disciplines are valued and integrated into the curriculum, recognizing the importance of a holistic approach to studying God’s Word. Whether one pursues biblical studies or theology, the ultimate goal is to deepen one’s relationship with God and share His message with others. If you have a passion for the Bible and a desire to serve in ministry, a BA in Biblical Studies from Grace University may be the perfect fit for you.